Dy Quantum Simulation

Dy Quantum Simulation

How do quantum systems thermalize when chaotic dynamics are introduced?  How does quantum physics change in 1D?  We explore these questions—and more—via the quantum simulation of many-body physics with quantum gases of dysprosium, the most magnetic element.  Our group has pioneered the creation and study of Bose and Fermi-degenerate Dy gases.  In our experiments, we exploit the long-range and anisotropic character of the dipole-dipole interaction among Dy atoms to create novel testbeds for quantum many-body physics, both within and away from equilibrium.  For example, we recently made a quantum and magnetic version of the famous Newton's cradle toy.  We used it to explore the breakdown of quantum integrability and the onset of thermalization in a strongly interacting quantum 1D system.  


Benjamin Lev dipolar quantum Newton's cradle

Toy inspires experiment on behavior of quantum systems in... Read More

Dipolar quantum Newton's cradle

Published in Phys. Rev X. New work on thermalization in near-... Read More

Dr. Yijun Tang

Congratulations to Dr. Yijun Tang, our newest Ph.D.!

Dipolar Quantum Newton's Cradle

New work on thermalization in near-integrable system.


Anisotropic Dy tune-out wavelength.  Published in Optics Express.

Dy Halo

Collisions of Dy BECs yield halos of dipolar scattered atoms. See movie made by Andrew... Read More

Anisotropic expansion of thermal dipolar Bose gas. P... Read More

Dr. Nate Burdick

Congratulations Nate Burdick, PhD!


We created the first spin-orbit-coupled dipolar Fermi gas with Dy!  Read about it in PRX ... Read More

APS Physics Viewpoint on quantum flucuations in imploding dipolar condensates.

Scattering lengths for 162Dy and 164Dy have now been... Read More

Dr. Mingwu Lu

Congratulations to Mingwu!  Dr. Mingwu Lu defended his thesis June 2014 and is now a postdoc with Prof. Jeff Kimble at Caltech. 

Dy Feshbach resonances

We report in this Phys. Rev. A Rapid paper (... Read More

Lev and theory collaborators publish paper in PRA Rapid Communications on creating ... Read More

Paper on Dy optical dipole trapping at magic wavelengths published in PRA

Paper on Dy narrow-line spectroscopy published in PRA.

Two dysprosium papers published in PRA fall 2010. Papers detail Dy MOT physics and a... Read More

Dy MOT and magnetic trap collisions paper published in Phys. Rev. Lett.  Research... Read More

Announcing the world's first Dysprosium magneto-optical trap (MOT)!  News... Read More


Y. Tang, W. Kao, K.-Y. Li, S. Seo, K. Mallayya, M. Rigol, S. Gopalakrishnan, and B. L. Lev
Thermalization near integrability in a dipolar quantum Newton's cradle
Physical Review X 8, 021030 (2018).
See Editors' Choice Watching magnetic atoms thermalize in Science
See News: Quantum Physics A tiny version of this physics toy is revealing quantum secrets in ScienceNews
See Synopsis Pathway to Quantum Thermalization in APS Physics
See Research Highlight Towards thermalization in Nature Physics
See Article Toy inspires experiment on behavior of quantum systems in Stanford News 
arXiv:1707.07031 pdf

Y. Tang, W. Kao, K.-Y. Li, and B. L. Lev
Tuning the dipole-dipole interaction in a quantum gas with a rotating magnetic field
Physical Review Letters 120, 230401 (2018).
arXiv:1803.10867 (2018). pdf

W. Kao, Y. Tang, N. Burdick, and B. L. Lev
Anisotropic dependence of tune-out wavelength near Dy 741-nm transition
Optics Express 25, 3411 (2017).  pdf

N. Q. Burdick, A. G. Sykes, Y. Tang, and B. L. Lev
Anisotropic collisions of dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates in the universal regime
New Journal of Physics 18, 113004 (2016). pdf
See accompanying Perspective "Smashing Magnets" by Igor Ferrier-Barbut. pdf

Y. Tang, A. G. Sykes, N. Q. Burdick, J. M. DiSciacca, D. S. Petrov, and B. L. Lev
Anisotropic expansion of a thermal dipolar Bose gas
Physical Review Letters 117, 155301 (2016). pdf

L. D. Carr and B. L. Lev
Viewpoint:  An Arrested Implosion
APS Physics 9, 55 (2016).  pdf

N. Q. Burdick, Y. Tang, and B. L. Lev
A long-lived spin-orbit-coupled dipolar Fermi gas
Physical Review X 6, 031022 (2016). pdf

Y. Tang, A. Sykes, N. Burdick, J. Bohn, and B. L. Lev
s-wave scattering lengths of the strongly dipolar bosons 162Dy and 164Dy
Physical Review A 92, 022703 (2015). pdf
Erratum: Physical Review A 93, 059905(E) (2016). pdf

N. Y. Yao, S. D. Bennett, C. R. Laumann, B. L. Lev, and A. V. Gorshkov
Bilayer fractional quantum Hall states with dipoles
Physical Review A 92, 033609 (2015). pdf

Y. Tang, N. Burdick, K. Baumann, and B. L. Lev
Bose-Einstein condensation of 162Dy and 160Dy
New Journal of Physics 17, 045006 (2015). 
Special Issue:  Focus on New Frontiers of Cold Molecules Research​

N. Q. Burdick, K. Baumann, Y. Tang, M. Lu, and B. L. Lev
Fermionic suppression of dipolar relaxation

Physical Review Letters 114, 023201 (2015). pdf

K. Baumann, N. Q. Burdick, M. Lu, and B. L. Lev
Observation of low-field Fano-Feshbach resonances in ultracold gases of dysprosium
Physical Review A, Rapid Communications, 89, 020701(R) (2014)pdf 

X. Cui, B. Lian, T.-L. Ho, B. L. Lev, and H. Zhai
Synthetic gauge field with highly magnetic lanthanide atoms
Physical Review A, Rapid Communications 88, 011601(R) (2013).
arXiv:1303.6004; pdf

M. Lu, N. Q. Burdick, and B. L. Lev
Quantum Degenerate Dipolar Fermi Gas
Physical Review Letters 108, 215301 (2012). 

Selected as Editors' Suggestion and featured in Physics Viewpoint 

M. Hafezi, Z. Kim, S. Rolston, L. Orozco, B. L. Lev, and J. Taylor
An atomic interface between microwave and optical photons
Physical Review A, Rapid communications 85, 020302(R) (2012). pdf

M. Lu, N. Q. Burdick, S.-H. Youn, and B. L. Lev
Strongly Dipolar Bose-Einstein Condensate of Dysprosium
Physical Review Letters 107, 190401 (2011).

M. Lu, S.-H. Youn, and B. L. Lev
Spectroscopy of a narrow-line laser cooling transition in atomic dysprosium
Physical Review A 83, 012510 (2011). 

S.-H. Youn, M. Lu, U. Ray, and B. L. Lev
Dysprosium magneto-optical traps
Physical Review A 82, 043425 (2010). pdf

S.-H. Youn, M. Lu, and B. L. Lev
Anisotropic sub-Doppler laser cooling in dysprosium magneto-optical traps
Physical Review A 82, 043403 (2010). pdf

M. Lu, S.-H. Youn, and B. L. Lev
Trapping ultracold dysprosium:  A highly magnetic gas for dipolar physics
Physical Review Letters 104, 063001 (2010). pdf
Nature Research Highlights article “Dazzling dysprosium,” February 25th, 2010.
PhysicsWorld.com news report “Ultracold magnetic atoms bode well for quantum studies,” February 18th, 2010.

S. Kobtsev, B. Lev, J. Fortagh, and V. Baraulia
Powerful narrow-line source of blue light for laser cooling Yb/Er and Dysprosium atoms
Proc. of SPIE 7578, 75782F-1 (2010). pdf

B. Fregoso, K. Sun, E. Fradkin, and B. L. Lev
Biaxial nematic phases in ultracold dipolar Fermi gases
New Journal of Physics 11, 103003 (2009). pdf

Homepage Project Description: 

How does quantum matter thermalize? Quantum many-body physics and thermalization are explored using quantum Bose and Fermi gases of the most magnetic element, dysprosium. These quantum gases were first created by LevLab.

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